Athlete's foot - causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Mycosis is a fungal disease that most commonly occurs on human skin. However, in some cases, fungal infections may affect the internal organs (deep mycoses). Age restrictions this illness there is. But as is the practice in medicine, most often, the disease manifests itself in children and the elderly.

mycosis

Etiology

Fungal infections of the skin can be triggered by the following factors:

  • a long course of medicinal products;
  • the weakened immune system;
  • alcohol abuse and Smoking;
  • chronic diseases of a communicable nature;
  • lack of personal hygiene;
  • improper diet or consumption of poor quality food.

For the acquisition of mycosis of the foot or other part of the body in public areas, shower, swimming pool, sauna, and similar institutions. So there only need to in your Slippers and not use other people's personal hygiene items.

Transfer methods

Fungal infections can occur in the following ways:

  • through close contact with an already infected person;
  • appliances for manicure;
  • the use of towels, personal hygiene items;
  • via shoes;
  • microtrauma of the skin.

In particular, it is "easy" to grab the fungus to the human body with a weak immune system.

The nature of the injury

Most often fungal organisms, which are striking in the following areas of the human body:

  • the skin of the body;
  • of the foot;
  • nails;
  • groin.

In rare clinical cases, fungal infections may affect even internal organs.

Common symptoms

Mycosis of the skin begin to show themselves only at the stage of progression of the disease. The symptoms of mycosis are:

  • scrub the affected fungal surface of the skin;
  • severe itching;
  • the design of diaper rashes, especially in the interdigital region;
  • rashes in patches;
  • the phenomenon of bubbles, which burst and dry up;
  • strong exfoliation.

Athlete's foot can manifest itself not only in the form of the above symptoms. In most cases, have a negative impact on their feet — they become brittle, dark color.

The classification of the mycoses

The official medicine has adopted this classification of fungal infections:

  • systemic or deep mycosis – defeat of the internal organs. Often, the pathology affects the tissue and surrounding areas;
  • telae — lose the skin and bones;
  • epidermolisis – it affects only the surface layer of the epidermis (skin tissue);
  • superficial fungus – the defeat of the scalp, squamous cells of the epidermis.

As practice shows, a systemic mycosis shows very rarely and only in cases where there is a another background disease, and weakened immune system.

fungal infections of the skin

Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is the most common type of fungal disease. Infection most commonly occurs in the common areas – showers, swimming pools, saunas. You may experience the following problems:

  • peeling;
  • itching and discomfort while walking;
  • the formation of ulcers and fissures in the interdigital region;
  • the skin of the foot becomes rough.

Because athlete's foot is almost impossible to recognize in the early stages of treatment is quite complex. So at the first signs, you should immediately consult with a dermatologist.

For the treatment of athlete's foot is not recommended, as it can only aggravate the condition. Usually, when you use a special antifungal ointments, the symptoms disappear, but the disease does not go away. A relapse can occur at any time.

Mycosis of the nail

Mycosis of the nail, or onychomycosis, is caused by yeast or fungi. The danger of this type of disease is that these fungal compounds that are presented in the body of almost everyone. So under favorable for fungus circumstances, begins to develop a pathological process. Fungal infections of the nail, according to statistics, diagnosed 1/10 of the total population.

In the etiology of diseases of the following acts:

  • damage to the nail plate and okolokozhnoe areas;
  • wearing narrow shoes (a fungal infection of the nails);
  • non-compliance with hygiene aspects, between the mani and other similar procedures.

Treatment mycosis of nails is the cure therapy in combination with mechanical action. Be sure to remove the affected nail. This should be done very carefully, without damaging the skin. As a rule, the affected nail is present in most fungal organisms. Lesions on the skin can trigger fungal infections of the skin.

Fungal infections of the skin

Usually the skin lesions can be attributed to shingles, as the disease is also caused by fungal organisms. Most often the fungus smooth skin of the torso diagnosed in children and the elderly. But people from other age groups vulnerable to disease.

The treatment of a disease of this type in the early stages is relatively good. With the right approach and complete the course of treatment relapse occurs very rarely.

A fungal infection of the inguinal folds

A fungal infection of the inguinal folds occurs in men and women. This is a manifestation of the fungal condition due to molds and fungi organisms. In the etiology of this type of disease result of the following factors:

  • lack of personal hygiene;
  • wearing tight, synthetic underwear;
  • sexual contact with an already infected person.

The symptoms in this case are:

  • itching in the genital area;
  • the rash is red or dark brown in colour, in the groin;
  • the affected area of the skin, which becomes bright red;
  • peeling.

This type of disease does not apply to deep mycosis, therefore, treated relatively well. It should be noted that in contrast with the mycosis of the nail, the disease, which is evident almost in the first stage of the disease, and this considerably simplifies the diagnosis and treatment process.

A fungal infection of the scalp

The defeat of the scalp

A fungal infection of the scalp, which has pronounced symptoms. Such a defeat by a fungus man is expressed in the following way:

  • hair in the affected area to break 1-2 mm from the skin;
  • stained red;
  • peeling;
  • itching.

Fungal infection of this type is almost the same as ringworm. This files most often diagnosed in children of pre-school age and older people.

Treatment should begin immediately. The disease develops very quickly, particularly in people with weak immune systems. Can be complete baldness.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis includes a personal review of the medical dermatologist. After ascertaining a history, perform instrumental study. With the affected area of the skin, scraping taken for the study. Just then, the doctor makes an accurate diagnosis and to appoint correct treatment.

Treatment

The treatment is performed depending on the localization of the affected area. In general, the implemented combination therapy:

  • medications;
  • mechanical removal of the affected area (if the defeat of the nail);
  • local therapy — treatment with ointments, ramis.

Be sure to remove the damaged nail plate. If done right this is impossible, use special ointment to soften the nail. Then the nail almost painlessly removed with special tweezers or scissors.

The treatment of mycosis should be done only as directed by your dermatologist. Even the use of folk remedies, without advice from a doctor is unacceptable. Even if it is a reflection of the clinical picture, there will be more, this does not mean that the disease is completely receded.

Prevention

Prevention of fungal infections includes the following:

  • personal hygiene;
  • you cannot use someone else's, footwear, toiletries;
  • ensure that the tools in the salons have been sterile;
  • it is not necessary to wear tight synthetic underwear;
  • you must leave the narrow shoes;
  • in the public areas, walk in their shoes.

Those who have already suffered a fungal infection of any kind, systematically checked with a dermatologist. At the end of the course of treatment – not less than 3 times in a month. After this at least 3 times a year. You should also monitor the general health and strengthen the immune system.