Psoriasis is known skin diseases of a chronic nature, accompanied by the emergence of red patches that are silvery-white scales. According to statistics, the disease, which affects about 3% of people of all inhabitants of the planet.
The main symptoms of psoriasis characterized by the appearance of the skin, rash nodules are bright pink, covered with silvery scales. Elements of the rash may be grouped together in different configurations, which is reminiscent of the geographic map. Along with moderate itching.
Typically, the disease affects areas of the skin on the head, elbow and knee joints in the lower back. Also known psoriasis of the nails, external genital organs and the joints, but these forms are much rarer, depending on the lesions on the skin.
The disease can develop at any age, but most commonly psoriasis affects people of young age. In this article we will tell you all about psoriasis — symptoms, treatment, diet and folk remedies, which will help to treat the disease at home.
Causes of psoriasis
The cause of psoriasis is not known, but the disease can lead to immunological changes in the body (autoimmune aggression), neurological disorders, disorders metabolic. Contribute to the emergence of psoriasis, heredity, impairment of the immune system after illness, stress.
One of the main theories on the origin of psoriasis is the hypothesis about the so-called genetic factor. Generally psoriasis in children under 10 years of age is the hereditary form of the illness in the family, the child is almost always possible to find a relative suffering from the same disease. But if the psoriasis is seen in adults, doctors suggest that the disease has a different nature, the origin is bacterial or viral.Factors that contribute to the development of psoriasis:
- genetic predisposition;
- thin and dry skin;
- external obstacles;
- excessive hygiene;
- bad habits;
- taking certain medications can trigger the disease (beta-blockers, antidepressants, anticonvulsants (fungi and bacteria Staphylococcus aureus);
The international day of psoriasis (World Day of Psoriasis) is celebrated every year 29. October under the auspices of the International federation of psoriasis associations (IFPA). For the first time this day was celebrated in the year 2004. Contagious psoriasis?
A number of studies have confirmed that psoriasis is not contagious. The presence of several family members of patients with psoriasis due to hereditary (genetic) disease transmission.Stage of development
There are three stages of psoriasis:
- Progressive — new rash, the patient was worried about the intense itching.
- Stationary — the formation of new lesions stops early on to cure it.
- Regressiruyushayf — psevdoatroficheskie are formed around the centers of the wheels, in the middle of the large panels in visible areas of healthy skin, but the disease is reminiscent of hyperpigmentation in the affected areas the place the skin is more dark than the healthy colour.
Also psoriasis is usually klassificeret of the severity of the light (lose less than 3% of the surface area of the skin), moderate difficulty (with lesions from 3 to 10 percent of the surface of the skin) and severe (involving more than 10 percent of the surface of the skin). Total damage is deemed to severe form of psoriasis, regardless of the area of the affected skin.The first signs of
It is recommended to consult with a doctor if the following signs:
- Red convex spots (plaques) covered with dry white or silvery scales.
- Spots that often appear on the elbows and knees, but the rash can occur anywhere on the body: scalp, hands, nails and face.
- Deformed nails;
- Strong exfoliation of dead skin cells (like dandruff);
- The bubbles on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, painful cracks in the skin.
Psoriasis is a systemic disease that affects not only the skin and nails. It affects the joints, tendons and spine, immune, nervous system and the endocrine system. Often affects the kidneys, liver, thyroid. The patient feels tired, suffers from chronic fatigue and depression. Such a complex effect on the body, the disease in recent years is called psoriaticheskoy disease.
Psoriasis and its symptoms are characterized by a homogeneous rash in the form of plates with a diameter of 1-3 mm to 2-3 cm, pink-red color, covered sitting silvery-white scales. The result of the regional growth elements may coalesce in plaques of varying sizes and forms, sometimes occupying extensive areas of the skin. Panels usually located on the skin razgibatelnoy surfaces of the extremities, especially the elbow and knee joints, torso and scalp.
- Blyashkovidnyi psoriasis, or plain psoriasis, psoriasis vulgaris, simple psoriasis (psoriasis vulgaris) (L40.0) is the most common form of psoriasis. This is observed in 80 % — 90 % of all patients with psoriasis. Blyashkovidnyi psoriasis vulgaris most often manifested in the form of a typical above the surface of the healthy skin side inflamed, red, hot skin, covered with gray or silvery white, scaly, dry and thick skin. Red skin under the easy to remove, the gray or the silver layer may be damaged and bloody, as it contains a large number of small vessels. These websites are the characteristic psoriatic lesions are called plaques psoriaticheskimi.Psoriaticheskie panels tend to increase in size and merge with neighbouring panels, which constitute the entire board panel ("the slack of the lake").
- Psoriasis sgibatelnyh surfaces (flexural psoriasis), or "inverse psoriasis" (inverse psoriasis) (L40.83-4) usually appears as a smooth or with minimal peeling, not, especially, protruding above the surface of the skin, red, inflamed lesions, which are found exclusively in the skin folds, with no or minimal damage to other areas of skin. Most often, this form of psoriasis affects the folds in the vulva, groin, inner thighs, underarms, under the folds increases when overweight stomach (pannus psoriatic), and in the skin folds under the Breasts in women. This form of psoriasis is particularly susceptible to deterioration under the influence of friction damage to the skin and sweat, and is often accompanied or complicated by secondary fungal infection or streptokokkovoy piodermiey.
- Guttate psoriasis (guttate psoriasis) (L40.4) is characterized by the presence of large number of small, dry, red or purple (to purple), similarly as in the form of drops, tear or small dots, circles, elements of destruction. Psoriaticheskie these elements are usually usipayut a lot of the surface of the skin, most commonly the thighs, but can also occur on the forearms, shoulders, scalp, back, neck. Guttate psoriasis is often first develops or is exacerbated when streptokokkovoy infection in typical cases, — when streptokokkovoy sore throat or streptokokkovogo faringita.
- Pustulyozniy psoriasis (L40.1-3, L40.82) or exudative psoriasis is the most severe skin forms of psoriasis looks like raised above the surface of the healthy skin vesicles or blisters filled with clear akssudatom inflammatory (pustules). The skin under and above the surface and around the pustules is red, hot, inflamed and thickened, it peels off easily. There may also be a secondary infection of the pustules, in this case, the exudate becomes purulent. Pustulyozniy psoriasis may be limited, local, with the most frequent localizations are the ends of the extremities (hands and feet), which is the lower part of the leg and forearm, is called palmoplantarniy pustulyoz (palmoplantar pustulosis). In other more severe cases Pustulyozniy psoriasis can be disturbing, with widespread pustules across the surface of the body and the tendency to merge into larger pustules.
- Nail psoriasis or psoriaticheskaya onihodisrtofiya (L40.86) leads to different changes in the appearance of the nails on the fingers on the hands and feet. These changes can include a combination of the colour change of the nail and nail bed , the look of the nails and under the nails dots, spots, thickening of the skin under the nails and around the nail bed, separation and thickening of the nail, complete loss of nails (oniholizis) or the development of increased brittle nails.
- Psoriatic arthritis (L40.5), or psoriaticheskaya artropatiya, artropatichskyi of psoriasis is accompanied by inflammation of the joints and connective tissue. Psoriatic arthritis can affect all joints, but most often the small joints of distal phalanges of fingers and/or legs. This is usually causes swelling of fingers and toes, known as psoriatic daktilit. Psoriatic arthritis can also affect the tazobedrenye, knees, joints,plechelopatyi joint, the joints of the spine (spondylitis, psoriatic). Sometimes psoriatic arthritis knee or hip joints and especially spondylitis, psoriatic is more pronounced, which leads to severe disability of the patient, the inability to move without special tools. Mortality in these worst forms of psoriatic arthritis is increased, since the immobilization of the patient in the bed contributes to pressure sores and pneumonia. Approximately 10 to 15 percent of patients with psoriasis also suffer from psoriatic arthritis.
- psoriaticheskaya aritrodermiya (L40.85), or aritrodermicheskyi psoriasis appears widespread, often disturbing, inflammation and desquamation, otsloykoy the skin on the whole or the greater part of the surface of the skin. Psoriaticheskaya aritrodermiya may be accompanied by intense itching, edema of the skin and subcutaneous tissue,the skin, the pain.psoriaticheskaya aritrodermiya is often the result of exacerbation of psoriasis vulgaris in its unstable, of course, especially when a sudden unexpected failure of systemic therapy or local glucocorticoids. You can also occur due to the provocation of alcohol, neuro-mental stress, interkurrentnymi infections (such as colds). This form of psoriasis can be fatal as the extreme inflammation and exfoliation or peeling of the skin break the body's ability to regulate body temperature and barrier function of the skin, which can be complex to the general piodermiey or sepsis. However, it is limited, local psoriaticheskaya aritrodermiya it can also be the first sign of psoriasis, later transformed into a vulgar blyashkovidnyi psoriasis.
Symptoms of psoriasis vary depending on the particular season and stage. Many patients have experienced "winter" variety of the disease, where periods of deterioration there in the late autumn or winter. Disease
Psoriasis is a chronic disease, usually characterized by undulating course, with periods of spontaneous or due to these or other health effects remissiy or improvements and periods of spontaneous or provoked by adverse external influences (alcohol, interkurrentnye infection, stress) recurrences or exacerbations.
The severity of disease may differ in different patients and even in one and the same patient during the periods of remission and deterioration in a very wide range, from small local damage, which completely cover the whole body psoriaticheskimi panels.
Often there is a tendency to progression of the disease over time (especially if untreated), weigh and increased frequency of exacerbations, increase the area of impact, and the integration of new areas of skin. In some patients there is a continuous course of the disease without spontaneous remissiy , or even a steady progression. Often also affect the nails on the hands and/or feet (psoriaticheskaya onihodisrtofiya). Nail involvement may be isolated and observed in the absence of skin lesions.
Psoriasis can also cause inflammation of the joints, this is the so-called psoriaticheskuyu artropatiyu or psoriatic arthritis. From 10 to 15% of patients with psoriasis also suffer from psoriatic arthritis.