How to cure nail psoriasis?

Nail psoriasis (psoriatic onihodistrofiya) is a form of chronic dermatosis. Sometimes lost panel begins long before tabula informibus rash on the body. The pathology may occur as an independent disease. Let us look at what is psoriatic onihodistrofiya and how it is treated.

psorias nails

Causes for psoriasis of the nails

Triggers psoriasis on the nails can:

  1. Hereditary predisposition to the disease. Susceptibility to disease can be laid at the genetic level
  2. Failure of the immune system of the body. The result of the disruption of the normal functioning of the protective forces.

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes skin rashes lies in the negative perception of the immunity cells of the epidermis. This leads to the fact, that significantly increases the growth and division of defective cells of the dead skin cells of the nail.

In addition to the main causes of the pathology, there are many precipitating factors for the development of psoriatic onychodystrophy:

  • infectious diseases;
  • the human papillomavirus;
  • Infection with the HIV virus;
  • sudden climate change;
  • dry, cold weather, lack of ultraviolet rays;
  • damage to the nail plates;
  • long-term use of antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug group, beta blockers, and drugs that normalize blood pressure;
  • frequent stress, nervous system breakdown and long-term emotional stress.

All of this weakens the immune system and causes a negative reaction in the form of an aggressive perception of the own cells of the epidermis and nail plates.

Types and their symptoms

phase psoriasis on the nails

Nail psoriasis has a rich clinical picture. Depending on the specifics of the manifestation there are several basic types of injuries.

Syndrome thimble

The look of the caves, which are distributed over the entire surface of the nail in the form of points, which is a common form of psoriasis on the nails. The characteristic indentations appear in a chaotic manner, their size and number may be different. The difference of this form from other forms is that the affected nail looks like a thimble, hence the name.

Onycholysis

The nail plate gradually separates from his couch, while inflammation and pain is not. Appears pink ring around the affected area. Onycholysis can be partially damage the nail or spread across the surface.

Depending on how the nail is separated from the soft tissues, psoriasis this type is:

  • Central;
  • lateral;
  • distal.

A distinctive feature of the onycholysis', border around the damaged nail and painless detachment of the plate. Initially, people who do not attach great importance to this phenomenon, which lead to a deterioration of symptoms.

Nicomedes

nicomedes

The cause of onychomadesis is significantly impaired growth of the nail, which causes the rapid rejection of the plate with a soft tissue. This type of the disease is difficult to cure and the end is not eliminated.

Subungual bleeding

During the development of psoriasis on the nails occur bleeding under the plate, which is manifested in two forms:

  • stains red or pink shade, which manifest themselves through the nails, which form the irregular shape, they are called "oil spots" or psoriatic erythema;
  • through the thickness of the stratum corneum, the manifest points, or longitudinal stripes of rich red that eventually turn black.

Subungual hemorrhages are caused by destruction of the capillaries that are under the great pressure of blood torn.

Trachyonychia.

In this form of nail psoriasis appears brighter. The plate becomes thickened and eventually curled up and develops cochleari clavum. There are additional signs of nail surface becomes rough, coarse, appear visible abnormalities.

trachyonychia

Trachyonychia. the same obviously as the hands and feet, greatly distorts the aesthetic appearance of the nail, making them cochleari informibus. Subungual tissue is often not injured, but there are cases when it develops hyperkeratosis.

Psoriatic paronychia

Psoriasis generalized pustular types can experience a significant compaction and layering of the stratum corneum (onycha), which eventually leads to the destruction and separation of the plate from the bed. Nail crumbly, increase in size.

Psoriasis of the nail in any form suffer more nails on the toes, are covered with an impressive grooves, more grooves, of various stripes, sometimes rot. There are examples of such manifestations on your hands, but much less often.

The photo shows how to find all the possible forms of nail psoriasis on the fingers and toes.

Stages of psoriasis of the nail plate

In his development of nail psoriasis goes through several stages, which have special properties.

  1. In the initial phase. The nail begins to thicken. The plate is covered with small stripes, dots, indentations, reminiscent of the grid.
  2. The degree of deformation of the nail plate. There is thickening of the stratum corneum, change its color (grey, brown, yellow), the appearance of blood spots and streaks under the nail. Observed purulent discharge under the inflamed and thickened cuticle.
  3. The advanced stage. Nails on fingers and toes went significantly out of bed, the skin around the affected area, the sore and covered with a plate, nail wall festers. Everything else can be attached to the bacterial or fungal infection.

Signs of nail psoriasis is always pronounced in accordance with the rate of flow is, therefore, a dermatologist can identify the disease on the external condition of the nails and the skin around it.

The consequences

the consequences

Psoriasis is not cured completely, but only translates in the stage of remission. The disease tends to relapse, every time you appear heavier. If the skin pathology is not treated, it will cause dangerous consequences.

Any form of psoriasis affects the cardiovascular system, which ultimately can lead to myocardial infarction. This dermatosis aggravated by atherosclerosis and inflammatory processes in the body.

Serious consequences of psoriasis are emotional and psychological health of the person. Nervous breakdowns, depression and alcohol abuse are common companions of patients with psoriasis. The result of such disorders can be diabetes, heart disease, cancer of any localization, worsening of concomitant chronic diseases.

In addition to the distortion of the nail plate, severe stage of the disease may cause adverse disturbances in the General condition of the person:

  • jump in body temperature;
  • disturbance in the normal absorption of folic acid;
  • weakness and constant fatigue.

The diagnosis of nail psoriasis

Most often disease can be diagnosed by the appearance of the nail and the skin around them. To confirm the diagnosis of take a scraping from the affected area (plaque, cuticle).

In addition to testing, the dermatologist leads, difference of psoriasis and paronychia from onichi' fungal and infectious nature. If you want to do this, the technician carefully examines the health of the nail to identify the main symptoms of psoriatic onychodystrophy.

diagnosis

Doctors carried out a comparison of the clinical forms of psoriasis and the lesions of candidiasis, exploration, coming from the manure, the nature of the localisation of the disease on the nails in the hands and feet.

Only after examining all possible characters and eliminate these symptoms, a dermatologist, go to a destination therapy.

Methods of treatment at home

To deal with nail psoriasis to be a complex, used not only in the combination medications of traditional medicine, but also folk remedies.

The treatment of nail psoriasis

The treatment of psoriatic onychodystrophy starts with local products, which are designed to eliminate the symptoms and manifestations of the disease. In the initial stage can be treated with special varnishes, which slow or stop the development of onychodystrophy. In addition, periungual phalanx, it is recommended that treatment moisturizing gel. Medicines for external use is recommended for the preservation of vitamins and immunomodulators. In the case of weak effect of the local medicines, doctors prescribe systemic medications (injections, pills).

Treatment can take place in the home, but only be granted the physician, as many drugs have contraindications and can be harmful to the health of the people.

Treatment of folk remedies

But what if traditional medicine does not reach the desired effect or improvement occurs too slowly? In this case, can be used for folk medicine. There are a lot of good recipes that will help to strengthen the therapeutic action of pharmaceutical drugs and reach remission.

treatment at home
  1. The healing baths. For cooking need 30 grams of Bay leaves and 2 litres of boiling water. The herb placed in hot water and boil on a slow heat for 5-10 minutes, then let it cool down to 37-40 degrees. In the finished soup put one arm (leg) for 15-20 minutes. Water treatment can be done per day for 1-2 months.
  2. Soda compresses. In a glass of warm water, dissolve 2 tsp with baking soda. To moisten in the solution to a cotton pad and apply to affected nails for 15-20 minutes. The course of treatment is 10-12 sessions (every other day).
  3. Treatment lotions. In 0.5 litre of warm water mix the corn and oat-flakes (1 tbsp). The homogeneous slurry was applied to the damaged area for half an hour. The treatment lasts as long until you see progress.

Lotions with cornmeal, which will improve the condition of nails

After the treatment the nails should be thoroughly processed to allow drugs to penetrate deeper into the affected disc. You can use tweezers and nail file.

With the help of folk remedies is possible for a long time forget, not only about onychodystrophy, and psoriasis in General. Most importantly, before beginning any alternative treatment, consult your doctor.

Treatment of psoriasis of nails in children

Psoriatic onihodistrofiya the child appears stiff and moved harder, so is the appearance of suspicious symptoms, he must immediately start treatment.

The first thing that you need to pay attention to is the food. The diet should exclude:

  • fried;
  • smoked;
  • sharp;
  • salt;
  • flour.

You need to not eat vegetables and fruits with red pigments (tomatoes, strawberries, cherries).

With the antihistamines to eliminate severe itching. In addition to these funds, the doctor prescribes medications to improve the protective functions of the body.

In addition to drug treatments in the fight against psoriasis nails very good holiday on the Black sea. Children with this dermatological disease is recommended, that you wear in the sanatorium at least once a year.

How to distinguish a fungus from psoriasis?

Sometimes people confuse with psoriatic damage to the nail with fungal infection (onychomycosis). In addition, it is the big question, is it possible to get the ungual psoriasis? Oh, definitely not. There are some basic characteristics that help to distinguish psoriasis from fungus.

  1. The nail plate is under the influence of onychodystrophy completely yellow and the fungus causes dark spots across the surface.
  2. Non-infectious pathology of the cause for the detachment of the nail from the bed, and mold only distorts the stratum corneum.
  3. Onychomycosis on the feet always causes foot odour, which was absent in the nail psoriasis.
  4. The fungus infects certain areas. On feet the first and fifth finger. Develops mainly between the phalanges and provoked intertrigo, excessive sweating, if in accordance with hygiene requirements. While psoriatic damage to the nail can occur from any injury.
  5. Onychomycosis develops after contact with the sick person, his clothing, the animals. Factors on the occurrence of nail psoriasis are infectious or viral diseases, strong stress, alcohol abuse.

For an accurate determination of the disease can be a dermatologist after a thorough examination and necessary investigations.

For the treatment of nail psoriasis always consult with a dermatologist

Prevention

Psoriatic onihodistrofiya, such as psoriasis in General, it is impossible to cure, but to translate in remission quite real. For the extension of the period of peace pathology, you must take into account for prevention.

prevention

For a start, it is recommended to follow a special diet. From the diet it is desirable to exclude all allergens (citrus fruits, eggs, milk). Do not consume fatty, fried, salted, smoked, flour products.

It is necessary to carefully monitor the fingers of the hands and feet, to follow the rules of hygiene, avoid contact with corrosive substances and to prevent injury.

Timely treatment of infectious diseases, which also helps prevent the unwanted symptoms of psoriasis.

The defeat of the nail plate with extra exfoliation out of bed is one of the forms of psoriasis. Disease live symptoms, and therefore, should not be overlooked. Running stage difficult to treat, and cause dangerous consequences. This is the reason why it is so important to take measures to eliminate the unpleasant manifestations.