Psoriasis is among the most frequent dermatological lesions which are noninfectious in nature. The rash in this disease, which is located on the feet, scalp and on other parts of the body. It is also characterized by a chronic course with frequent exacerbations and periods of remission. Psoriasis on the legs occur in many patients, the main symptom is the formation of small spots with white or gray scales on the skin surface of lower limbs. The pathology is not transmitted from one person to another, so to get even in close contact with the patient impossible.
Causes of psoriasis
According to statistics, the disease appears equally in men and women, and the age of the patient also plays an important role. However, the real causes of psoriasis on feet and other areas of the human body is unknown to science, despite numerous clinical studies on this topic. Pathology is very difficult, therefore, to identify the main sources of its origin has not yet succeeded. But doctors have found that the more risk factors is most likely to develop psoriatic disease.
- Frequent damage to the skin of the feet, especially in the area of the fingers.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Hormonal changes.
- Frequent stress, psycho-emotional activity.
- Infectious damage to the body.
- Poisoning syndrome.
- Violation of the metabolic processes.
- Excessive dryness of the skin on the legs.
- Improper foot care, use of poor quality cosmetics.
- Disorders in the endocrine system.
- Chemical and thermal burns.
- Excessive hygiene.
- Alcoholic intoxication.
- Varicose disease of the veins in the legs.
- The allergic reactions.
- The weakening of the immune defense.
- Pathology of lipid metabolism.
- Long-term use of the drug.
Often the seasonal progression of the disease. Causes of psoriasis that occurs on the feet, depending on the time of year:
- Deterioration due to exposure to UV radiation is the summer psoriasis.
- Deterioration under the influence of frost in the winter psoriasis.
- Is not seasonal or year-round form of the disease that occur without periods of remission.
A variety of diseases
There are several types and forms of psoriasis of the feet:
- Regular psoriasis. It is the most common pathology, in which the skin of the feet are formed of silver or grey panels, which are combined with other, forming large foci of inflammation. The infection usually affects the feet, shins and knees.
- Generalized pustular psoriasis is the most severe form of the disease, which is also called exudative psoriasis, diseases of the Tsumbush. The education bubble that is filled with a red liquid, which normally is opened and when the prevalence of infection the risk of sepsis. This pathology is most commonly on the lower legs (feet, shins, knees).
- Plantar pustules, in which the soles appear pus, formation of, prone to surface and spread. The main side effect is permanent mechanical damage to ulcers in the foot.
- Acrodermatitis – non-infectious form of psoriasis that occurs on the toes of the feet and other parts of the lower extremities. The disease can cause delamination of the nail plate.
- Guttate psoriasis often occurs due to the streptococcal infections. Characterized by a punctate rash.
- Psoriatic arthropathy is the internal form of the disease, in which there is loss of the knee and hip joints, connective tissue. The main symptom – swelling of the fingers, in this pathology is high probability of immobilization and disability.
- Psoriasis flexor areas of the knees and hips.
If it is judged by the clinical manifestations, psoriasis is divided into:
- Vulgar or ordinary.
Signs and stages of the disease
Psoriasis on the soles of the feet and in other parts of the legs brings a lot of inconvenience due to cracking of the skin, which itches and itches, limbs swell and hurt. For this pathology is characterized by changing periods of remissions and exacerbations when all the first symptoms disappear, and then come back with a Bang.
The disease usually affects the following areas:
The typical symptoms that occur:
- In the initial stage the symptoms of psoriasis on the legs was negligible. Usually appear small pimples, which later grows, it begins to shell, covered with scales and mixing in the characteristic psoriatic plaque.
- With the progression of the pathology is the rapid spread of the rash, the development of inflammation, accompanied by intense itching. Especially active injuries that occur in areas where the integrity of the skin. Established before the platelets start to peel off strongly. The hardest psoriasis appears on the feet as the skin in this area is constantly exposed to mechanical stress as a result of walking.
- At the stationary stage of the disease, not progress, but does not pass, there is only the intense exfoliation of the skin and itching.
- The regressive phase is characterized by disappearance of the rash and pigmentation in the epidermis in the affected areas.
Specifics of psoriasis on the legs, it is possible to see and look at the appropriate photo.
The competent treatment of psoriasis involves the implementation of the whole complex of therapeutic measures, which are aimed at reducing disease symptoms. The great value has the careful care of the feet, the timely replacement of socks, disinfecting and moisturising on the skin, as well as the choice of an appropriate Shoe that does not press, does not hinder movement and does not hurt.
The approximate scheme of treatment of psoriasis on the legs
- External treatment includes using ointments, gels, and other local resources for the anti-inflammatory effect.
- Systemic therapy is a medication inside. Normally receives immunostimulating drugs, antihistamines, hormones, drugs, sedatives, vitamins, cytostatics, etc
- A popular treatment is to use natural remedies to reduce the symptoms of psoriasis.
- Physiotherapy treatment – phototherapy, laser radiation, cryotherapy, etc
- Adherence to the therapeutic diet.
To eliminate psoriasis on the feet and on other parts of the feet recommended physiotherapy as a Supplement to a holistic therapy. But they cannot be used in acute phase, physiotherapy is indicated only in the stationary phase of disease and during remission.
The most effective methods:
- Ultraviolet radiation.
- PUVA therapy.
- Laser therapy.
- Ultrasonic treatment.
- Laser photochemotherapy.
It is very important to the proper care of the feet, psoriasis. The skin in this pathology needs regular hydration and diet, especially after the hygiene procedures.
To increase the therapeutic effect of the treatment you can use several popular recipes to reduce inflammation and prevent the spread of the rash to reduce itching and painful feelings:
- Ointment from propolis and melted butter.
- Crushed celandine mixed with the petrolatum.
- Ointment to propolis, vitamin A and warm butter.
- A mixture of honey and glycerin.
- A mixture of medical solidol, bees, honey, and baby cream.
- A mixture of salicylic acid, birch tar and castor oil.
- The juice of celandine.
- A poultice of raw potatoes.
- Tea tree oil with essential extracts of lavender, rosemary, almond.
- A mixture of Kalanchoe juice, honey and eucalyptus oil.
- Compress with Apple cider vinegar.
For the treatment of psoriasis you need inside and out, to comply with all medical recommendations for medication. No less important is the diet, which involves exclusion from the diet of sweets, meat, alcohol and other harmful products. We recommend increased consumption of fermented dairy products and plant foods.