Psoriasis in adults

Despite the fact that the disease is known to medicine for a long time, the exact cause is still not established. There are several theories, which is a precondition for the occurrence of diseases, each of which has both supporters and opponents.

psoriasis in adults

What is psoriasis occurs in adults, and what theories there are about this?

  • Some scientists believe that the cause for this disease it is hereditary predisposition. This is due to the presence of the mutation of a gene characteristic of all patients with psoriasis. The biggest danger is that psoriasis will show itself falls on the 2, 5 and 6 generations.
  • According to one theory, the psoriasis occurs due to violation of metabolic processes. Primarily we are talking about deficiencies in the process of fat metabolism, and nitrogen.
  • Chronic stress or serious traumatic stressful situations can also cause the development of diseases. There are many cases in which the onset of symptoms after the death of a loved one, divorce, job loss, etc ..
  • Hormonal changes, which can act as a catalyst, causing the first signs of psoriasis. For example, the development of the disease may coincide with pregnancy, childbirth, early menopause.
  • If a person has autoimmune disease, this may lead to the development of the disease. In addition, according to the immune theory of the emergence of this disease, psoriasis is an autoimmune disease.

In recent years, the relationship of psoriasis with obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, cholesterol.

In some cases (especially in existing facilities – burdened heredity, etc) psoriasis may begin as a result of the following factors:

  • the constant friction and microtrauma of the skin;
  • with the change of climate, from warm to cool;
  • when malnutrition and General exhaustion of the body;
  • alcohol abuse and Smoking.

Psoriasis in adults: symptoms and treatment

Depending on the form, severity, and localisation of the disease, the symptoms of psoriasis can differ.

  • When the vulgar (pad) a form of psoriasis on the body appear typical rounded lesions, known as plaques. First, they presented a slight redness accompanied by itching. Later, its surface is covered with a grey shade reminiscent of paraffin shavings (for this plate is called "slack lake"). The skin around them becomes red and scaly, the local temperature rise. Translations of vulgar forms of the disease can be any: plaque psoriasis occurs on the face, head and body.
  • The main function of the inverse forms of the disease, which consists in the lesion of the skin, wrinkles, outer thighs, under the armpits, the skin under the breast glands. Rash presents with red patches, together with peeling.
  • Guttate psoriasis is characterized by the appearance on the body, pink or red lesions, which resemble drops.
  • Seborrheic psoriasis localized on the scalp, behind the ears, near my lips and nose, and sometimes on the chest and upper back. On this skin it looks silver-grey, dry scales, resembling dandruff.
  • Pustular psoriasis presents education on the patient's body, blisters, filled with fluid, the skin around them red and swollen. After the pustules burst, and in their place formed a dense crust. In some cases, this form of the disease can be very dangerous, not only for health but also for human life – for example, when the pustular psoriasis.
  • Exudative psoriasis is characterized by the appearance on the skin rashes, saturated with exudate, with the further development of the sores oozing and yellowish crusts. Rash accompanied by severe itching, which can cause rashes and further contact with the wound infection.
  • The most dangerous form of psoriasis is psoriatic erythroderma. The rash is usually affects a large area of the body(90%) and is accompanied by peeling, itching, pain, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and in particularly severe cases, detachment of the layers of the skin.
  • Psoriatic arthritis is seen in the integration of small and large joints. In most cases it affects the joints of the fingers on the hands and feet. The skin over them becomes tense, red and hot to the touch. The main feature of this form of disease is to change the shape of the fingers: they become asymmetric, short and thick, in appearance resembling sausage. If left untreated, it can progress, leading person, for people with disabilities.
  • Psoriasis of the nails the surface thickens, becoming dark, yellow or white shade. In some cases, the nails may appear a point or longitudinal grooves.
  • Sometimes psoriatic disorders that affect not only the skin and joints, but also on the tissues that are located more deeply. In such cases, the person feels pain and discomfort in the muscles.

All persons who are experiencing the above symptoms, wonders whether psoriasis is curable in adults? Unfortunately, the answer to that. This disease is chronic and in the moment, medicine can not provide a tool which can completely relieve the patient of psoriatic lesions.

treatment of psoriasis

Don't forget: diagnosis and treatment – this is the prerogative of the doctor. Heal yourself, as this can lead to deterioration and the passage of psoriasis in a more severe form. To get an accurate diagnosis and to receive recommendations for treatment, you should consult with a dermatologist, who will implement the testing, collect a medical history and order laboratory studies.

The essence of psoriasis treatment is to reduce the intensity of the symptoms, and the general strengthening of the body and the extension of the period of remission. To achieve this, often using a comprehensive approach that includes medications, internal, external application of ointments and creams, diet and regime of use of physiotherapeutic methods, etc ..

A medicine for the treatment of psoriasis in adults involves the use of topical treatments – hormonal and non-hormonal ointments, gels, creams that help to reduce the redness, itching and peeling. In the appointment of hormonal methods doctor can assess the ratio of benefits from their use and potential harm. This is because the drugs in this category affect not only the skin but also other organs and systems and long-term irrational use can be fraught with health problems. The benefits of hormonal methods is their performance.

After stabilization of the health status of the patient's hormones usually cancel the appointment instead of the non-steroidal tools. This can be ointments and creams, which have the composition of birch or pine tar, ointments, herbal extracts, zinc, vitamin D, oil of salicylic acid. An important role in the treatment of psoriatic lesions retinoids play – external medicines, which contain vitamin A.

As for medicinal products for oral use, the patient can be determined, antihistamines, hepatoprotectors, vitamin and mineral supplements, sedatives, immunomodulators, chelators, anti-inflammatory medications and antibiotics (if the infection of the wound, which appeared at the site of the rash). Severe psoriasis is assigned to the systemic therapy.

In addition to the treatment you need to pay attention to diet. The daily diet should be rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, fiber, legumes, cereals, lean meat and poultry, fish and seafood. In the menu, you should eliminate simple carbohydrates, refined sugar, sodas, bread from wheat flour and butter pastry, alcohol, artificial coloring, preservatives, TRANS fats, emulsifiers, flavors, smoked and pickled food.

Well-proven methods of physical therapy, such as PUVA therapy, electrophoresis, phonophoresis, cryotherapy, laser therapy, magnetotherapy, electric. Positive results can be achieved with the use of the method of treatment and hirudotherapy. In order to achieve a noticeable effect is also possible due to climate change: in many patients notice a reduction in symptoms of psoriasis after a long stay at sea.

Psoriasis treatment adults at home

Prescribed therapy can be supplemented with the use of traditional medicine. However, you need to understand that psoriasis is a serious chronic disease, whose treatment may not be limited to grandma's methods. In addition, before using the traditional medicine need to consult with an expert.

treatment

As effective treatment of psoriasis at home is to provide a bath with sea salt, baking soda, starch, decoction of herbs or oats. We should also note the possibility of self-cooking at home, ointments and balms, which is based on the tar, eggs, plants and other ingredients.

For the treatment of panels and damage to the commonly used vegetable oils, olive, burdock, linseed, sea buckthorn. They all have rich vitamin composition, which have a soothing effect, helps in combating itching and flaking.

How to care for your skin in psoriasis?

For the reduction of symptoms and prolongation of remission, is important to provide the skin proper care:

  • For washing, bathing and showering, you should use water whose temperature is 36-38 degrees. Too hot water can improve the skin peeling.
  • Avoid washcloths and replace them with soft jaws. Dry preferably with a soft towel.
  • If the rash locally in exposed parts of the body, it is impossible to mask them with makeup, as this can lead to the strengthening of the rash.
  • In the presence of the panels on the legs is recommended to wear special orthopedic insoles that reduce the pressure on the feet.
  • It is necessary to abandon the close of synthetic and woolen clothes, replacing it with a more spacious, which are made of natural materials.

If you follow the advice of a doctor, eat right and take care of the skin, can significantly reduce symptoms and extend the period of remission of psoriasis people of Mature age.