Psoriasis on the skin. Symptoms, signs and treatment

Psoriasis is a chronic disease, the development of which no one is immune. It can occur at any age, so the of psoriasis symptoms and possible causes of the development it is desirable to know everyone. There are typical symptoms that are characteristic of this disease. They psoriatic papules can be distinguished from other skin diseases treatment. Rashes are formed all the body parts from eyes to feet. Depending on the localization of the papules are of a different opinion.

Psoriasis skin

Symptoms: starts psoriasis

Psoriasis begins with the formation of the body small rash. Their size does not exceed the head diameter of the pins. Every day papules grow diameter, achieve a score of 4-8 cm, their number increases, the surface starts to peel off. If you do not pass competent care, individual tiles merge into conglomerates, which cover large areas of the body.

This is psoriasis early stages

Psoriasis can develop at any age. But it often happens that the first case of its manifestation occurs in young adults, aged 18-40 years. Gender differences. Disease of men and women suffer equally often.

Typical symptoms of psoriatic papules:

  • The shape is round.
  • The edges are sharp.
  • Color-hot pink or red.
  • The color of the scales is silver-white.

The first rash, usually formed in place of wounds, scrapes, frostbite, burns, parts of the body, constantly exposed to friction. They may itch, but this is not the main feature.

Psoriasis has three unique symptoms that are unique to him:

  1. Phenomenon stearin spot-the scales are easily removed from the surface of the pimples. Beneath them is a blur resembling a drop of wax or wax.
  2. The phenomenon of psoriatic arthritis (terminal) - movie-if all to clean the plaque scales below the visible thin film covering the inflamed areas of the skin. It is transparent and moist.
  3. Auspitz phenomenon-if you break the integrity of the terminal films on the surface of the wounds looks like tiny bruises resembling ostendissa Rosa.

Mentioned triad of symptoms, makes it possible to accurately determine the onset of psoriasis. They make it impossible to confuse this disease with other dermatological diseases.

Because the first symptoms of psoriasis in different parts of the body is a little different, it is necessary to consider the details of each individual case.

Psoriasis is a skin care

Symptoms of psoriasis on the hands

Guttate psoriasis on my elbow and ulna of

When psoriasis develops on the hands, often the pimples appear on the surface of elbows, or between fingers. Less frequently, the rash localized to the forearm. This area of the body characterized by the diffuse form of the disease. Its main feature-the formation of small red spots, which quickly become covered with scales. The skin will tighten.

Psoriasis of the scalp

Loss scalp psoriasis papules is the most common form of the disease. Rashes are formed in the back of the head, forehead, behind the ears, in the area of parted hair. First formed small damage. They are rare and covered with scales. Development process to grow and can cover the surface of the entire head. Feature of psoriatic papules formed on the scalp, peripheral growth, intense itching and skin irritation. When scales are small, the peeling, they look very similar to dandruff. With the growth of these papules peeling, such as white flakes. The skin elasticity is reduced, so easily injured, are constantly forming wounds.

The body

Psoriasis on stomach and back

The surface of the body cover, as a rule, guttate psoriasis. It is localized in back, neck, hips, thighs and stomach. Formed scattered small lesions. They differ in droplet form. In the process of growth of the papules are highly raised above the skin surface, so they are easy to damage. More risk to develop this disease people who have had a staph infection.

Foot

Psoriatic lesions of the feet knees and lower leg

Legs papules first appear on the knees, but can also occur in other areas. The first eruption is small and isolated. They are very inflamed and peel. There is a clear outline, but loose. Quickly spread, the formation of factions.

Nails

Beginning stages of psoriasis of the nails is manifested in several forms. The first - the nail plate is covered with a small pit cavities, as if the prick of the needle. Another form reminiscent of mushrooms. The nails are thickened, change the shade of yellow or gray. Over time, if not treated, shell. The third type-the nail plate is deformed, becomes rough on the surface appear depressed areas.

The palms of the hands and feet

Psoriatic lesions on the palms of the hands and feet

Most often the hands and feet affects the Palms and soles of the psoriasis at the same time. However, there are cases when the disease develops only in the palms of the hands or only the legs. Firstly, the skin in the form of small pimples, which quickly merge into factions. The horny layer of the skin thickens, coarsens. Because of this, he gets easily hurt, cracks.

The face, ears, neck

Psoriatic lesions of the ears and eye area

Psoriasis is rarely localized on the face. If he comes, the first papules are formed around the eyes, eyelids and nasolabial folds, the cheeks, the tongue, the border of the lips. First, a rash of small, red. The surface of the neck also produces small red papules. They quickly increase in diameter and spread to the back, head, face.

The ears develop seborrheic psoriasis. He can hit the ear inside and out. It is important to distinguish psoriasis from seborrheic eczema because they look similar.

Symptoms of psoriasis in children

Unfortunately, psoriasis is not protected and children

Children psoriasis look like an adult. To develop this disease can even infants. Damage is formed in the skin folds. They are red and peel. Papules are formed in unusual locations occur on the face, mucous membranes of the genitals. The rash is itchy and brings discomfort.

Psoriasis in the joints

Psoriatic arthritis fingers

Psoriasis can affect the joints, which leads to a change in structure of tissues. In the future, it means their form changes and pain. The first visible symptoms of the external surfaces of the joints to form pimples. But in some cases, first change the structure of the joints, they start to hurt, and then formed a rash. Signs of the disease, joints ache, especially at night, to change its shape, it is the rigidity of their movement, swelling, finger length is shortened.

It first affects the small joints of the hands and feet. Then the disease spread to the elbow and knee. Special advanced shape of the affected intervertebral joints.

Causes of psoriasis: why it appears

Psoriasis is a skin back

The exact cause of psoriasis development scientist to install failed. There are many theories, each of which has a scientific basis. But they are not enough, so one of the key assumptions.

The basic theory of the origin of psoriasis:

  1. A genetic predisposition to the disease infects the children's parents genetic level. In 55-70%, if someone is ill, the parents, the child will inherit the disease.
  2. The immune the formation of papules leads to the failure of the immune system. In the result of autoimmune diseases of the aggression it perceives as foreign, the cells of your body, therefore, reject them. The risk of developing the disease increases with a weakened immune system.
  3. Exchange in accordance with this theory, psoriasis is the result of metabolic disorders.
  4. Hormone activity source development of the disease recognises the malfunction of the endocrine system.
  5. Neurogenic refers to the fact that psoriasis develops due to vasomotor neurosis. This means that the basis of disease psychological causes.
  6. Virus-there is a theory that the causative agent of the disease is a virus. But this theory had only one. In medicine, there is not a single event that psoriasis is shifted to the infected person healthy. Trigger of psoriasis can only be an internal malfunction of the organism, not viruses or bacteria. This disease is not contagious.

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis of psoriasis is the external examination of the damage. A dermatologist assessed the localization of papules, the skin condition. Although the first symptoms. it can be used to establish the correct diagnosis. A special analysis is not necessary. Severe forms of the disease, your doctor may prescribe a biopsy, x-rays, vaccination microflora.

Psoriasis is a chronic disease. This means that a forever can not cure. The goal of treatment is to achieve a steady state of withdrawal. It may take years, if you appoint a competent treatment.

The main types of psoriasis:

Medication:

  • external resources-ointments (solidum, hormonal, non-hormonal, sinapi continens), lotions, shampoos;
  • internal resources-antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, stimulants, sedatives, antidepressants, vitamins, tranquilizers, antipsychotic medicines, the immunopharmacological tools.

Drug-free:

  • laser treatment,
  • magneto therapy,
  • x-ray
  • electrical treatment,
  • range of light therapy
  • ultrasound treatment,
  • cryogenic treatment
  • UFO,
  • PUVA-therapy,
  • hyperthermia.

When choosing a method of treatment, doctors have focused on the actual condition of the patient. A great tool to provide comprehensive care.

Noticed the first signs of psoriasis the skin, it is important to immediately contact a dermatologist.

He can confirm or refute the diagnosis. Because the causes of psoriasis are many, each person needs to take care of health, protect skin injuries and burns, because the first pimples form the most often damaged areas of the skin.