Psoriasis: the first signs, types, treatment

Psoriasis is the most common type of chronic dermatosis. This is a complex disease that can manifest itself in different ways and have different origins. In most cases, psoriasis is considered non-hazardous for human disease. However, there is information about the fatal outcome of this disease in connection with his improper treatment.

signs of psoriasis

People at a time can hurt several forms of psoriasis.

Who could get sick?

Psoriasis can occur in people of all ages and both sexes.

In breastfed infants the first signs of psoriasis occurs in the inguinal folds and similar potnick.

In adults, psoriasis can start in the main two ways:

  1. Small papules are firm to the touch. These can be located on the palms, elbows, sometimes knees and ankle joints. If the itching and pain on touch, which is the real signs of psoriasis, not just the irritation. With these symptoms, you need to go to the doctor, as individual papules quickly develop into a plaque. But to cure you is very hard. The site of the injury causes severe itching and discomfort.
  2. Red spot rounded. This rash is characterized by the presence of a large number of whitish scales. In the development of the disease these lesions thicken and harden and become convex. These rashes form of psoriatic plates. In appearance they are similar to the drops of wax candles, frozen to the skin.

The first signs of the disease

The beginning of psoriasis is expressed in the appearance of papules, which are small, in the size of the scaly tubers. Have the dark pink color, dense to the touch, over the surface of the skin protrude slightly.

The first sign of psoriasis may appearance of the rash on the parts of the body that are most subject to friction, and the skin in these areas dry. These are the cities:

  • hands or knees;
  • the knee;
  • tibia;
  • side of the lower back;
  • inguinal folds;
  • the scalp.

The location of the rash depends on the shape of the disease.

In the initial phase of psoriasis on the skin, barely noticeable and does not cause discomfort to the patient. But early treatment will help prevent severe forms of this disease, in which there is a loss of the nails in the hands and feet, mucosal surfaces, and then - of human joints.

signs of psoriasis pictures

For psoriasis, is characterized by three specific features:

  1. "The effect of stearin spot". In the performance of the scraping plate and a small transparent scales easily flakes.
  2. "The effect of terminal film". If you remove the scales, skin that is thin, shiny, and also going to be red.
  3. "The effect of bloody dew". After scraping the skin are tiny drops of blood.

Also of the manifestation of psoriasis can be characterized by changes and nails.

Types of psoriasis

Uniform classification of this disease has not yet been developed, but produce his principal in accordance with the nature of the rash.

The first pustulezny, it is characterized by disseminating rash on entire surface of the skin. Includes both subspecies, such as:

  • Simple (vulgar) or otherwise on a regular basis, it is the most common among all types of psoriasis. It typically occurs in stable chronic form.
  • Psoriatic erythroderma is always severe, greatly damaging the skin. You can trigger other deadly diseases.

The second main type of psoriasis is pustular. It is characterized by the formation of papules, such as pustules. Represent bubbles on the skin, inside of which is a serological fluids. This type of diseases that can be spread both across the surface of the body and in a given area, most often the hands and feet.

There are the following subtypes of pustular psoriasis:

  • academica persistent (psoriasis soles of feet and palms of the hands);
  • look palmoplantaris Barber (chronic leaking pustules extremities);
  • generalized psoriasis background Combucha;
  • psoriatic impetigo herpetiformis;
  • annular erythema;
  • annular pustular type of psoriasis.

In this classification are not included, but they are psoriasis the following forms of this disease:

  • drug dependent;
  • seborrheic-sicut psoriasis appears on the scalp, the skin becomes yellow, the inflammatory process is absent;
  • the reverse surface of the bends and skin folds;
  • exudative.

The basic theory of the occurrence of the disease

Scientists do not yet give an accurate answer to the question about what appears psoriasis.

In accordance with the immune theory, the cause of psoriasis are disorders of the immune system. That is the immune system response to skin cells as the aggressors and the fight begins with them. This theory also confirms that the first signs of psoriasis often occur on the background of various diseases, of infectious origin, e.g. tonsillitis, sinusitis, etc ..

signs of psoriasis on the head

Another theory on the origin of psoriasis the genetic. This is the human genes that are prone to the manifestation of psoriasis.

The endocrine theory suggests that the basis for the manifestation of the disease is abnormal levels of hormones. The necessary level of hormones controls the normal process of skin cell division. But, if the hormones are too much or too little, skin cells start difficult to talk about this, that appears psoriasis. In support of this theory is the fact that often the psoriasis can occur during the hormonal changes of the organism, such as pregnancy, menstruation or ovulation. But scientists still cannot identify the hormone responsible for the first signs of psoriasis and its further development.

Proponents of the neurogenic theory proposes that disease occurs due to stress and psycho-emotional wave. Vasomotor neurosis causes vasoconstriction, which includes the reduction of blood flow in the skin.

Violation of metabolic processes in the body, which can also cause of psoriasis. It has been observed that people who suffer from psoriasis may increased cholesterol, lowered body temperature, lack of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrate in the body.

Causes of psoriasis

So, to sum up the above, we can understand what may lead to illness, which in everyday life:

  • stress, emotional and physical overload;
  • diseases of infectious origin;
  • changes in the hormonal system;
  • different skin damage, such as frostbite, burns or injury.
  • medications, such as antibiotics, Immunostimulants, vitamins, etc;
  • unbalanced diet, alcohol abuse;
  • sudden climate change;
  • other diseases of the skin.

Treatment of psoriasis

Try to psoriasis treatment is impossible, and it is first of all necessary to go on reception to the dermatologist. The disease should be treated comprehensively, with the use of external tools, the introduction of the injection and application of instrumental methods of treatment.

The disease requires mandatory treatment, since at the time, the raw panels, covers all large areas of the body. Critical stage, the disease reaches 3-4 years of age in appearance and causing irreversible consequences, such as psoriatic arthritis (inflammation of joints) or erythroderma (severe skin lesions).

For external treatment and care, use the shampoos, ointments, creams, gels. The most effective medicines:

  • means on a hormonal basis.
  • drugs on the basis of petroleum products;
  • grease solidum caput or fat basis;
  • cream with mustard gas.

Certain medicines may develop addiction, so it is the duration of their use should be restricted.

Medicinal products for oral use

Medications help to treat not only psoriasis, but also improve the functioning of the internal organs. A list of the medications that can psoriasis patient on reception at the dermatologist:

  • antibiotics;
  • antihistamines;
  • tranquilizers;
  • immunomodulatory drugs;
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • chelators;
  • drugs and enzymes.

Typically, medicines for oral administration, are prescribed only after topical therapy has not brought the desired result. Most of the medications that have contraindications and may cause side effects, and it must be drunk with a doctor and strictly follow the regimen and the dose of the drug.

Non-pharmacological methods for the treatment of psoriasis

signs of psoriasis on legs

Among them are the following ways:

  • laser, magnetic and electrotherapy;
  • PUVA therapy;
  • ultraviolet light;
  • x-ray irradiation;
  • the laser treatment.

How can you protect yourself from psoriasis?

This disease can be repeated, that is, descendit mori, to erupt with new force. Here are the simple rules for prevention:

  • physical and emotional rest;
  • for the use of hygiene products for the skin healing properties, or neutral;
  • a well balanced diet;
  • keep away from traumas, burns, etc;
  • medicinal products for use for the user and prescription;
  • timely treatment of infectious diseases.

Because of this psoriasis for a long time can go into remission and not bother people.