Psoriasis is a chronic disease of the skin, which is a non-infectious in nature. It occurs most often after 30 years and affects people regardless of gender. Today there are several types of this disease, which has its own specific characteristics and type of current. Plantar psoriasis is one of its most important forms, with quite extensive symptoms.
The physiology of the development of the disease
Psoriasis is a common disease that is diagnosed every year a huge number of people. This pattern is due to the different forms of the disease, which differ in their structure and characteristics. Palmar-plantar variant is one of the most frequently diagnosed between all the others. This represents up to 25% of all cases and is characterized by the appearance of the papular rash, a reddish-silver color, which affects exclusively the plantar part of the foot and the palm of your hand.
Education and the development of the disease accompanied by the growth of the epidermis and roughening of the upper layers of the skin, called hyperkeratosis. Such features lead to the appearance of calluses, which is characterized by high sensitivity, and can bring a lot of inconvenience. As a rule, are round or oval shape and pose some sort of plates covered with small light scales.
The main causes of intensifying the autoimmune characteristics of the body
Plantar psoriasis can develop as a result of the large number of factors, both external and internal properties. In some cases, the disease, the symptoms manifested as a result of violations of metabolic processes in the body and in the other they are developed as a reaction to certain stimuli.
The disease brings not only serious discomfort, but also leads to disturbances in emotional state, which inevitably affects their health and the effectiveness of treatment.
Most often the catalyst for the development of the disease are the following factors:
- the use of chemical means;
- contact with aggressive toxic substances;
- transferred streptococcal infection;
- systematic stress;
- hormonal imbalance;
- bad habits;
- eating disorders.
Due to the above factors do not necessarily lead to the development of plantar psoriasis, however, their combination increases the likelihood of its creation several times. The main condition for the development of the pathological process is the inhibition of the immune characteristics of the organism, with the result that it does not respond to different types of stimuli.
The shape of the diseases and their characteristics
Plantar psoriasis has several forms, which differ not only in structure of presentations, but also the General nature of the disease. They look as follows:
- psoriasis vulgaris;
- vesicular-pustular inflammation.
These types of diseases are diagnosed often have many differences from each other.
Vulgar type of plantar psoriasis, also called the normal and is characterized by the appearance of dense foci with markedly different. Have the right round shape and are located on the same level with the surface of the skin.
On the appearance of the neoplasm can be presented in two main States: in the form of panels consisting of depilatus epithelium, or papules composed of cells of the skin. Based on the structure of manifestation, this form of psoriasis sounds like papular — plaque.
The surface of the neoplasm covered by silvery-white panels are made from exfoliated skin. The characteristic feature of this type of plantar psoriasis not only exfoliation of epithelium, but it is a bad unit. In turn, attempts to peel effect on skin, cause damage to the tissues and the formation of the wound.
Psoriasis vulgaris is able to grow both on foot and go to the edge of the sole. The development of the disease is accompanied by infiltration and severe keratosis, which contribute to the formation of cracks. In some cases, can reach the lower, more sensitive layers of the epithelium, which causes pain and infection leads to suppuration of the tissues.
vesicular-pustular inflammation, which is also called psoriasis Barbera, characterized by the formation of pustules. They are small bumps that are found on the surface of the skin, and is filled with pus. Such manifestations are coupled with the infiltration of the tissues, which causes the spread of inflammatory foci.
Barbera psoriasis can occur over the entire surface of the foot, but most commonly develop on the fingers, hitting the soft tissues, and is observed on the arch of the foot.
vesicular-pustular psoriasis causes only the local discomfort, which occur in areas of the development of the ulcer, and is characterized by the development of recurrent phenomena. Over time the pustules are opened, their content comes out, and places their translations are dry and covered with a peculiar crust.
Symptoms of plantar psoriasis is very diverse, its basic features are rash. On the basis of the shape and intensity of the disease, there are other manifestations that can bring considerable discomfort. They look as follows:
- the formation of cracks;
- the feeling of tightness of the skin;
- pain when walking;
- change the appearance of the epithelium;
- the defeat of the nail.
- the formation of the typical crust.
These symptoms occur gradually, and to describe the severity of the disease. Your education is characterized by the appearance of the plates, which gradually grow and marvel at all the great surface of the skin. Ignoring the primary symptoms leads to the development of other symptoms, which cause not only severe discomfort, but can also affect the emotional state.
The role of treatment to overcome their problems
Treatment of plantar psoriasis is quite time consuming and involves the use of an integrated approach. The appearance of the primary symptoms of the disease, which serves as a signal for immediate treatment to the doctor. This is based on visual inspection, the clinical picture of the development of the panels and the results of necessary tests, determines the composition of the therapy, and taken medications. In General, treatment of plantar psoriasis is usually divided into two categories:
The system diagram of the method involves treating the symptoms of disease with drugs and other means. Its purpose is to reduce the uncontrolled cell division, which led to the formation of foci of hyperkeratosis and reduce the activity of autoimmune processes in the body. The composition of such instructions may include the following medications:
- Cytotoxic agents, which aims to reduce the uncontrolled division and growth of cells.
- Retinoids are used for the diagnosis of severe forms of psoriasis, and is designed to neutralize the negative symptoms.
- Cyclosporine ICI rich with immunosuppressive components, which show a high efficiency to neutralize the pustular forms of inflammation.
In addition to the above drugs in the systemic therapy can include other means, such as chemical exposure or phototherapy. However, the appointment is only in extreme cases when the treatment showed positive dynamics.
The local treatment of plantar psoriasis is based on the topical application of various drugs. The purpose of this approach is to suppress inflammation, reducing the negative manifestations of the disease and restore the skin. On the basis of the tasks, local therapy may include the following:
- Corticosteroids are hormonal substances and has good anti-inflammatory properties. The use of these tools allows to speed up the regeneration of tissues and partially block the autoimmune effect.
- Zinc and salicylic ointment reduces the intensity of the inflammatory process, and the dried ulcers. The result is a softening and drying, the faster they ripen and cicatrize.
Components of medical interventions, which are selected on the basis of the symptoms of the disease and the degree of its development. At the same time called those or other drugs should a doctor, no self-treatment is prohibited due to the potential deterioration of the situation.
The composition and performance of traditional methods
To increase the positive effects of the primary treatment can be with traditional medicine. Such techniques are well tolerated by the body, and their use seldom leads to the formation of side effects. Very often folk remedies, the designated doctor as a complement to the treatment. As a rule, are included in the category of local treatment and can be presented in the following forms:
The use of baths with medicinal herbs has a positive effect, contributing to the neutralization of the manifestations. Good effect, to make tools, such as succession, chamomile, celandine and st. john's wort. They have anti-inflammatory, drying and antiseptic effect on the panels, used them in the form of decoction, in which dip the affected legs. The total duration of treatment should not exceed 15 minutes, and after completion of the legs to dry naturally.
Ointments are another tool that is used in topical treatments. They are created with their own hands, and their effectiveness against the symptoms of the disease is at a fairly high level. The most popular among them are as follows:
- Tar mixed with birch buds in a ratio of 1:1 and to which were added regular vegetable oil. All the components are thoroughly mixed, and the finished ointment should be applied in a thin layer in places.
- The boiled egg, the yolk is well crushed and in a preheated frying pan, without adding any additional substances. Date, in the process, the oil is drained into a separate container and used for treating plates or papules.
Treatment of plantar psoriasis lotions are also based on the use of decoction of medicinal herbs that has soothing and disinfecting properties. Some of the recipes for their creation are as follows:
- Take Valerian root, series, chamomile, st. john's wort and mixed in equal proportions. After this, the mixture is poured boiling water and infuse for 2-3 hours. In the cooled infusion, used gauze and fixed with the help of a bandage over the area of inflammation.
- Connect licorice, succession, oregano and celandine in the ratio of 1:1. Then the mixture is poured a glass of water and put on the fire, where it is brought to a boil and boil for 15-20 minutes. A decoction is used to create lotions and need to keep it in a dark, cool space.
People's techniques may accelerate the healing of plantar psoriasis, but are only auxiliary and can not replace the main treatment.
Diet for plantar psoriasis
Between diet and the development of psoriasis is not a specific link. On the basis of this is the diet for psoriasis are aimed at reducing the total load on the body. Based on the dietary guidelines and is intended to stabilize the course of metabolic processes. The diet is based on the following principles:
- the complete elimination of alcohol;
- smaller meals 5-6 times per day;
- refusal fried, spicy food and smoked meat;
- reduction of salt intake;
- except canned food, chips and other products, which contain harmful additives;
- waiver of citrus and other fruits, which increases the allergenic load on the body;
- other than fast carbohydrates and saturated fats;
- the inclusion in the diet, a variety of cereals and products from cereals;
- the daily consumption of milk and milk products.
Application of these principles will not only help to reduce the load on the body, but helps to strengthen the body and normalize its work. That is a very important factor in the treatment of autoimmune diseases and plantar including psoriasis.
The role of prevention in the fight against plantar psoriasis is difficult to overestimate. The purpose of these events is the prevention of the re-development of the disease, and their orientation is one choice.
Normalizing power is a step in the right direction because it significantly reduces the risk for re-development of the symptoms of the disease and normalizes the activity of the organism as a whole. In addition, a balanced diet promotes weight loss, it is also a positive factor.
An active lifestyle and exercise not only make the human body stronger in a physical sense, but also in relation to different types of viruses and pathogenic bacteria. The correct and proper immune system re-development of the disease, such as foot psoriasis becomes impossible.